DOGS: 6 in 1 Vaccination (DHLPP – Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus) and Bordatella every 12 months. Rabies vaccination once every 3 years.
PUPPIES: 6 in 1 DHLPP Vaccination and Bordatella when they are 6-8 weeks old and then once every 3-4 weeks until they reach 4 months old. After that, it's once a year. Rabies Vaccinations start at 4 months old, then within 12 months after, and then once every 3 years.
CATS: FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calcivirus, Panleukopenia) and Chlamydia vaccines every 12 months. Rabies every 1-3 years depending on the type of vaccine.
KITTENS: FVRCP and Chlamydia at 8 weeks old, then once every 3-4 weeks until they reach 4 months old. After that, it's once a year. Rabies start at 4 months old and then within 12 months and then once every 1-3 years depending on the type of vaccine.
**Note: The above are basic vaccinations. It is critical that you work with your veterinarian regarding vaccinations necessary to keep your pet healthy. Many veterinarians suggest additional vaccinations and treatments.**
Here is a list of some of the diseases these vaccinations protect against:
CANINE DISTEMPER: an infectious viral disease occurring in dogs, characterized by loss of appetite, a catarrhal discharge (inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially in the nose or throat, causing an increase in the production of mucus, as happens in the common cold) from the eyes and nose, vomiting, fever, unnatural drowsiness, partial paralysis caused by destruction of inflamed nerve tissue, and sometimes death.
HEPATITIS: a highly contagious viral disease affecting the liver and other organs. It is spread only among domestic dogs and wild dogs and is not related to human hepatitis. Symptoms range widely, from mild to severe, and include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, jaundice, light-colored stool, and stomach enlargement.
LEPTOSPIROSIS: Dogs become infected by leptospirosis when abraded skin comes into contact with the urine of an infected host. The organisms quickly spread through the bloodstream leading to fever, joint pain, and general sick feeling which can last up to a week. The organism settles in the kidneys and begins to reproduce, leading to further inflammation and then kidney failure. Depending on the type of leptospire involved, other organ failure (especially liver) can be expected as well. Leptospirosis is a life-threatening disease.
PARAINFLUENZA: can be caused by many bacterial or viral agents. It is highly contagious and can cause mild to severe inflammation of the trachea, bronchi, and the lungs. It is characterized by a non-productive cough, that can occasionally be productive. It is usually considered to be self-limiting unless pneumonia develops from a secondary bacterial infection.
PARVOVIRUS: characterized by severe, bloody diarrhea and vomiting, high fever and unnatural drowsiness. The diarrhea is particularly foul smelling and is sometimes yellow in color. Parvo can also attack a dog's heart causing congestive heart failure. This complication can
occur months or years after an apparent recovery from the intestinal form of the disease. Puppies who survive parvo infection usually remain somewhat unhealthy and weak for life.
CANINE BORDATELLA: one of the causes of the canine upper respiratory disease, tracheobronchitis or "kennel cough." It is a bacterial infection of the respiratory system of dogs characterized by severe coughing and gagging. It is a very contagious airborne disease. Most cases appear after contact with other dogs in kennels, grooming parlors and other places where a number of dogs are together in a group.
RABIES: a critical, infectious, often fatal viral disease of most warm-blooded animals, especially wolves, cats, and dogs, that attacks the central nervous system and is transmitted by the bite of infected animals.
PANLEUKOPENIA: an infectious viral disease occurring in cats characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea leading to dehydration, and sometimes death.
RHINOTRACHEITIS: an infectious respiratory disease of cats characterized by fever, conjunctivitis (Pink Eye), discharges from the eyes and nose, and sneezing. It is due to a herpes virus.
CALCIVIRUS: one of the major known infectious causes of oral and upper respiratory tract disease of domestic cats. It typically causes an acute disease characterized by fever, sores in the mouth, and mild discharges from the nose and eyes. Some cats may become unnaturally drowsy or lazy. The virus has also been associated with chronic stomatitis/gingivitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, jaundice, skin sores and more vicious strains may kill some cats, especially young kittens.
CHLAMYDIA: causes mainly an upper respiratory infection. Chlamydial infections tend to favour the eyes, and can cause infections here. Calici viral infections affect the upper respiratory tract, and can result in sores forming in the mouths of affected cats.
FELINE BORDATELLA: a bacteria that infects cats that is extremely contagious and causes an upper respiratory infection. This bacteria can result in pneumonia and could possibly lead to death.
SPAYING & NEUTERING
SPAYING: removing the reproductive organs of females
NEUTERING: removing the testicles of males
Spaying and neutering your animals can have many benefits. It will help your pet live longer, healthier lives and can eliminate or reduce the incidence of costly health problems. Spaying eliminates the possibility of uterine or ovarian cancer and can greatly reduce incidences of breast cancer, particularly if she is spayed before her first estrous cycle (period). Neutering eliminates the incidence of testicular cancer and greatly decreases the incidence of prostate disease.
The benefits of having a spayed or neutered animal are that it makes your pet better behaved and more affectionate. Neutered cats will not spray or mark their territory. Spaying females eliminates the heat cycle, which can cause incessant crying, showing of nervous behaviour, and it can also attract unwanted males. Spayed and neutered animals show less behaviour and temperament problems, they are less likely to bite, and neutered males are less likely to roam the streets, run away, or get into fights.
Having your pet spayed or neutered also eliminates the possibility of an unwanted litter of puppies or kittens. Statistics have shown that one female cat can produce at least 370,000 kittens in seven years and one female dog can produce
up to 67,000 puppies in six years.
It is usually a good idea to wait until the animal is 6 months or older before they are spayed or neutered. You should consult your veterinarian on the appropriate time for your pet.